Video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery (TV-assisted thoracoscopic surgery) uses modern imaging techniques and high-tech surgical instruments to equip a chest-wall cannula or a small incision to perform complex intrathoracic surgery in minimally invasive thoracic surgery. It changes the treatment of thoracic surgery. The concept is known as one of the major breakthroughs of the thoracic surgery sector in the last century. It is a representative surgical procedure for minimally invasive surgery in the chest, and is also the future direction for the development of thoracic surgery.
Complete thoracoscopic surgery requires only 1 to 3 1.5 cm chest wall holes. The tiny medical cameras project the chest cavity to a large display screen, which is equivalent to placing the doctor's eyes in the patient's chest for surgery. The surgical field can be magnified as needed, showing subtle structures that are clearer and more flexible than the naked eye. Therefore, the exposure of the surgical field, the appearance of the subtle structures of the lesions, the judgment of the scope of the surgical resection, and the safety are better than the ordinary open-thorax surgery. Video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery is more demanding and stricter for doctors. It must undergo rigorous thoracoscopic surgery in order to truly grasp the operation of complex thoracoscopic surgery.