Historically, thoracoscopic techniques first originated in the early 20th century. As early as 1912, Sweden's Jacobeus reported thoracoscopic techniques, but for reasons of equipment and technology, thoracoscopic techniques were used only for pleura for a long time. Diagnosis of the disease and pleural adhesions of tuberculous pleurisy. Until the 1990s, with the advancement of endoscopic camera systems, and the appearance of endoscopic instruments and other endoscopic instruments (scissors, distraction forceps, etc.), surgical thoracoscopic techniques have only developed on a large scale.
In 1992, Professor Wang Jun from Peking University established China's video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery and chest minimally invasive surgery. Since then, China's thoracic surgery has entered a era of minimally invasive development.