In 1901, Ott, a gynecologist in Petersburg, Russia, made a small incision in the anterior abdominal wall, inserted the vagina into the abdominal cavity, reflected the light into the abdominal cavity with a head mirror, examined the abdominal cavity and called it laparoscopy . In the same year, Kelling, a German surgeon, inserted a cystoscope into the abdominal cavity of a dog and called it laparoscopic endoscopy. For the first time in 1910, Jacobaeus of Stockholm, Sweden, used the term laparoscopy to make a pneumoperitoneum with a trocar.
In 1911, Bernhein, a surgeon at Johns Hopkins Hospital in the United States, inserted the rectoscope into the peritoneal cavity through the incision in the abdominal wall, using the emitted light as the light source.
In 1924, Stone, a physician in Kansas, USA, used a nasopharyngeal lens to insert into the abdominal cavity of a dog. A rubber gasket was recommended to help close the puncture cannula to avoid leakage during operation.
In 1938 Hungarian surgeon Veress introduced an insufflation needle that could safely be made into a pneumothorax and prevented the needle tip from damaging the needle's viscera during pneumoperitoneum. The idea of making a pneumoperitoneum with a compromised, safe puncture needle is universally accepted and still in use today. The inventor of the true targeted abdominal examination was German gastroenterologist Kalk, who invented a straight-ahead 135 ° lens system. He is considered the founder of laparoscopy in Germany for diagnosing liver and gallbladder diseases. He first advocated in 1929 with a double cannula needle technique.
In 1972 the American Society of Gynecologists laparoscopic physicians plans to complete nearly 500,000 cases of abdominal examination in the next few years, this test has been widely accepted by gynecologists. Nearly one third of gynecological surgeries in Los Angeles use the laparoscopic technique of diagnosis or treatment at the Cedars-Sniai Medical Center.
1986 Cuschieri began laparoscopic cholecystectomy in animal experiments,
In 1988 the first session of the World Conference on Surgical Endoscopy he reported a case of experimental animals laparoscopic cholecystectomy success, in February 1989 for clinical use. Philipe Mouret, the first French surgeon to have laparoscopic cholecystectomy in humans, succeeded in a cholecystectomy of the same patient with laparoscopic gynecological disease in 1987, but no such report was reported.
May 1988, Dubois in Paris in the pig laparoscopic surgery on the basis of cholecystectomy also applied to clinical, the results of the first published in France and in April 1989 the annual meeting of the American Society of Digestive Endoscopy showed surgery Video, in one fell swoop hit the world. It first shakes the surgical community in the United States, the rise of laparoscopic cholecystectomy surge in the United States, laparoscopic cholecystectomy from animal experiments, clinical exploration phase to the clinical stage of development.
In February 1991, Xun Zuwu completed China's first laparoscopic cholecystectomy, which is also the first case of laparoscopy in China
Surgery. In the past 10 years, more than 40 kinds of laparoscopic surgeries have been carried out in China, with over 1 million cases.
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