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- Aug 27, 2018 -

Urology is a medicine that specializes in the urinary tract and male reproductive system of men and women. It is mainly derived from surgical subdivision. The urinary and reproductive systems of men are inseparable, while the urinary tract of women is in the vulva.

Both men and women, the urinary tract is closely related to the reproductive tract, and the diseases of the two often affect each other. Urology can further subdivide various subspecialties such as urology oncology, urinary calculi, dysuria, pediatric urology, sexual dysfunction, and male infertility.

Introduction editor

Organs covered by the urology include the kidneys, ureters, bladder, urethra, and the testis, epididymis, vas deferens, seminal vesicles, prostate, scrotum, and penis of the male reproductive system.

The scope of urology diagnosis and treatment: prostatitis; benign prostatic hyperplasia; prostate cancer; urinary tract infection (urethritis, mycoplasma, chlamydia infection, gonorrhea, non-gonococcal urethritis, etc.); urinary calculi; kidney cancer, ureteral cancer, bladder cancer Urinary incontinence and other urological diseases. Varicocele; hydrocele: testicular hydrocele, spermatic hydrocele, traffic hydrocele; female urology: urinary tract infection, urethral meat, urinary incontinence, overactive bladder, etc. .

Urologists can treat "medical diseases" (meaning those who do not need surgery), such as urinary tract infections; they can also treat their "surgical diseases", such as correction of congenital malformations, surgical treatment of cancer. Only about 20% of patients undergoing urologic surgery require surgery.

Urologists are also involved in the evaluation and treatment of urinary incontinence. Urinary tract dynamics is a series of instruments that measure changes in urinary system flow, storage, and pressure. Urologists often use a urine flow rate map, a bladder pressure map, or a portable urinary dynamometer as a reference for treating a patient. Treatment may include medication prescriptions (such as oxybutinin or various type A blockers) or surgical treatment (such as urethral suspension).



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