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Arthroscopy application principles

- Sep 14, 2018 -

The role of arthroscopy in the treatment of arthritis

Diagnostic effect

First, arthroscopy can be used to examine various lesions in the joint cavity, and to evaluate and record the condition of various tissue structures in the joint. Some joint lesions, such as pigmented villonodular synovitis, have characteristic arthroscopy. A diagnosis can almost be made. At the same time, the joint fluid or diseased tissue can also be obtained, and the pathological tissue is biopsied under the arthroscopy monitoring, and further laboratory examination and pathological examination are performed.

However, in recent years, various non-invasive examinations have been developed, especially the development of imaging examinations such as B-ultrasound, CT and MRI. Arthroscopy, which is purely for diagnostic purposes, has been used less and less. However, arthroscopy can observe and explore the lesion under direct vision, and it has a certain amplification effect. It can also be observed dynamically and has irreplaceable advantages. Therefore, patients who have not been able to determine the cause for a long time after clinical examination and various auxiliary examinations are still Has application value.

Therapeutic effect

In addition to its therapeutic effects on a variety of sports injuries, arthroscopic techniques can also play an important role in the surgical treatment of arthritis. Arthroscopy has been reported in the literature for the diagnosis of various arthritis such as osteoarthritis, inflammatory joints, pigmented villonodular synovitis, crystalline arthropathy, infectious arthritis and traumatic arthritis. treatment. For example, for various types of synovitis, synovectomy can be performed under arthroscopy, and the synovial tissue in the posterior joint capsule can be removed through the posterior approach in the knee joint to achieve the purpose of synovectomy of the total joint capsule. For the bone joints, joint removal can be performed, the free body is removed, the torn meniscus is removed, and the cartilage surface is trimmed.



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